Lake Baikal, Siberia. The most beautiful and interesting places of Baikal

Baikal is one of the most popular tourist places in Russia

Mysteries of the great Baikal

Why do thousands of tourists go to Lake Baikal every year and what do they find there? Welcome to Baikal. This is a whole sea of crystal clear water. Here, omul is smoked right on the Embankment in Listvyanka, here you can swim and sunbathe on the beaches of Olkhon, here there are relict fir-trees, rocks, trails, countless streams and the powerful Angara. In addition to Baikal (depth 1642 m), only two lakes are known on planet Earth, having a depth of more than 1000 meters, these are Tanganyika (1470 m) and the Caspian Sea (1025 m).

Despite the fact that Lake Baikal is located in Siberia, it is quite suitable for a beach holiday. There is a sandy beach, hotels with good living conditions, good weather in summer. Near Baikal, all family members will find something for themselves. Here you can ride boats, go for mushrooms and berries, go rafting along a mountain stream, go hiking and horseback trips, and fish. The water in Baikal is extremely clean.

Washed on all sides by the Angara River, the Green Cape attracts with its energy at any time of the year. In the autumn after the rains, mycelium of aspen mushrooms, honey agarics and brown grape wakes up here. Winter walks along the Angara give a huge energy charge. The microclimate of this place is famous for the fact that the air here always smells like a thunderstorm, that is, it has a high degree of ionization. Pristine forests contribute to the crystal clear air, where birches and pines, aspen and spruce coexist.

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Lake Baikal, Siberia
Baikal is not only a giant lake, but also an equally large-scale source of life for various members of the flora and fauna. The territory of Baikal is one of the few places on the planet where the truly virgin nature is located, untouched by man and not subordinate to him. The average age of trees, which dotted the coast of the lake, ranges from 6 centuries. Just think about how much has happened during the existence of these larches and cedars! And they continue their quiet and peaceful life on the shores of Lake Baikal. By the way, cedars even continue to bear fruit.

Vacation on Lake Baikal helps to restore your vitality and peace of mind, fills with positive emotions. Having been here once, you will definitely want to come back again

Listvyanka is a small village at the source of the Angara, the only river that flows out of Lake Baikal. This is the so-called "gate" to Lake Baikal. It is in Listvyanka that the acquaintance with the wonderful world of the Baikal region for most of the guests begins. The proximity to Irkutsk, the majestic nature, the unique Baikal Museum, a wide variety of hostels and hotels allowed Listvyanka to become a popular tourist destination. Getting to Listvyanka from Irkutsk is possible both along the Baikal Route (68 km) and the water route on the motor ship around the Angara River.

At the entrance to Listvyanka, not far from the road, there is an observation deck. From her view of the source of the Angara - the widest and largest in the world. In the middle of the source is visible Shaman-stone up to 1.5 m high, mentioned in legends and legends. According to one of the legends, an angry Baikal threw this stone after his daughter Angara, who escaped without his knowledge to her beloved Yenisei.

Diving can be practiced all year round, almost anywhere on Earth. Some activities are available to people only during a certain season, but divers can dive at any time and almost everywhere where there is water. In places where the local dive site is under the ice, divers simply grab the chainsaw and still jump into the cut hole. Want to know more? Collect your belongings and go the way to Baikal.

Another reason to get away from Baikal and get to the Tunkinskaya Valley is the thermal springs. Radon baths await you at the Nilova Pustin resort, and methane mineral water beats near the village of Zhemchug. But the most famous are the mineral springs of Arshan. This resort is close to the Tunkinsky Goltsy and stands in a fabulously beautiful place. Water can be collected and drunk directly from sources that are few here.

Modern studies have shown that the climate of the Snake has been constantly changing over millions of years: warming and sharp cooling were observed. Nature and living organisms each time found a way to adapt and survive. If you need to find out how the ecosystem has changed, then scientists go to places where human influence on nature is reduced to zero, but today in nature it is difficult to find a place untouched by man. The main part of the scientific community believes that the main reason for modern climate change is an increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases. But do not forget that the climate on Earth has changed before, when the human impact on the environment came down to lighting bonfires in the cave.

Dendrochronology is of fundamental importance: it allows you to evaluate the growth of plantations and the history of their development. Depending on the region, climate change affects trees differently. The growth of stands is slowing down, the intensity of the death of trees due to forest fires and outbreaks of insect populations is increasing. Dendrochronology is a scientific discipline based on the study of tree growth rings. It allows you to date events, natural phenomena and archaeological finds. Studying the annual rings and knowing their close correlation dependence on air temperature and precipitation, scientists draw conclusions about the climate on Earth and systematize these data. Due to the patterns obtained, chronological series of climatic changes in 2000 years and more are being restored. Scientists investigate forest ecosystems using many methods, and dendrochronological is one of them. An analysis of tree-ring chronologies helps to determine how the state and growth indicators of both a single tree and the entire forest have changed. Modern methodological approaches, together with modeling, determine the dependence of the growth of early and late wood on environmental conditions.

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