Potala palace in Lhasa, Tibet

This is a sacred place of Tibetan Buddhism

Potala Palace is the most gigantic architectural structure of Tibet, it was the fortress and residence of the Dalai Lama, the political center of power in the country

At the same time, thanks to its abundance of works of art and treasures is also impressive evidence of Tibetan religiosity. The unity of religion and power in the face of the Dalai Lama is embodied here in perfect form. Being at the same time a mountain fortress, the Potala Palace also reflects the fact that numerous wars were fought in Tibet, which were in glaring contradictions with the human-loving religious ideals. But Potala has other functions: it is not only a fortress, residence and administrative center, but also a monastery, a mausoleum and a museum. Her name was not chosen by chance: Potala was the name of the legendary mountain in India, where Avalokiteshvara was born, whose Earthly incarnation is considered to be the turn of the Dalai Lama.

The ancient kings of Tibet were mostly mystics, and many of them had strong ties with the wonderful country of Shambhala. It is not known exactly what caused the decision of King Songzen Gampo to choose the Red Mountain for his palace, but it's known fact that he built Potala at the place of his meditation. This cave of his meditation is still safe and sound, despite the different periods of Tibetan history, which did not spare Potala.

The name "Potala" is borrowed from Sanskrit, and in Tibetan it sounds like "Potola" or "Putou," which means "mystical mountain." The palace consists of 2 parts - the Red Palace and the White. The White Palace encircles the Red as if by a protective wall. Very symbolic: after all, the white palace is the residence of the administrative, secular power of Tibet. The head of the Tibetan administration was the Dalai Lama.

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Potala palace in Lhasa, Tibet
Potala Palace is a monument of Buddhist architecture. Many exhibits here are unique and amazing. Having been in this Palace, travelers want to come back here again.

In Tibet is one of the most beautiful Buddhist palaces in the world, the Potala

Looking for inspiration for your next trip? In 1994, the Potala Temple was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is located at an altitude of more than 3 thousand meters. The Potala Temple is the official winter representation of the Dalai Lama. It was here that all the ceremonies and meetings with the Tibetan government were held.

Currently, a lot of tourists from different countries of the world come here to see with their own eyes all the beauty and power of the Tibetan temple, to get acquainted with rare exhibits. In the Red Palace, prayers in the name of Shakyamuni Buddha were made by the monks of the Dalai Lama. Here you can see many pavilions with memorial shrines and other unusual rooms.

The Red Palace has eight shrines, among which are the rooms of the thirteenth Dalai Lama and the fifth Supreme Head of Tibet. Their appearance is just amazing. They are so large and luxurious that any tourist will remember the Potal memorial sanctuaries for a lifetime. The stupa of the fifth Dalai Lama has a height of more than fourteen meters (five-story house). It is completely made of real gold.

The oldest attraction of the temple complex is the Pabalakan Pavilion (Avalokiteshvar) and the Favan Cave (27 square kilometers). The pavilion is located directly above the cave, which allows tourists to see the beauty of the complex. In the cave of Fawana are rare statues of princesses of Tufan kingdom: Luduntszana, Chitszul and Wencheng.

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In China, in addition to the Hui and Manchu peoples, who use the Han common language and writing, all the other 53 minorities speak their own languages. Han is not only the largest nationality in terms of population among 56 nationalities of China, but also in the world. Currently, the Han population is approximately 1 billion 200 million people. Han people mainly live in the central region of the country. Han people have their own language (Chinese) and their own written language. Chinese belongs to the Sino-Tibetan language family. The Chinese language is divided into eight dialects, such as the northern normative dialect, the dialects "u", "xiang", "gan", "hakka", "minnan", "minmei" and "yue". "Putonghua" The generally accepted normative Chinese language, based on the northern dialect. Chinese is one of the oldest languages in the world. The total number of characters in the Chinese language is more than 80 thousand characters, and the number of the most used is about 7 thousand characters. In Chinese, communication is conducted both domestically and abroad.

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