Buddhist Temple - vacation travel photos
Buddhism in Myanmar
In Myanmar, about 90% of the population is Buddhist
Theravada's widespread use in this country began under King Apirud (1044-1077) after he joined the Patan mont cities of southern Myanmar, whose population practiced Buddhism. From there Buddhist books were brought to the capital of Myanmar - Pagan - monks, architects and artists arrived. The construction of Buddhist monasteries is unfolding, religious texts, sacred relics are collected, theravada preachers are invited. Theravada becomes the state religion of Patan, and the kingdom itself from the end of the 11th to the 13th centuries. - the most important Buddhist center in the region. Since the second half of the XI century. in Patan, extensive temple construction was carried out (only in the city of Patan there are now about 2,300 religious buildings), monasteries are organized, canonical texts are produced, direct religious contacts between Patan and Lanka are expanded.
The strengthening of Buddhism in Patan during this period is associated with the name of the high priest of Myanmar, Shin Arakhan - a monk monk, the spiritual mentor of the first Nagani kings. The strengthening of the Buddhist church at the expense of the offerings of believers and the royal patronage led to the creation of a network of monasteries that became large landowners, owners of a large number of slaves and wealth. The enrichment of monasticism led to an aggravation of relations within the sangha and the "forest brothers" of the Ari, who preached poverty and the abandonment of worldly goods, broke off from it. However, the Ari soon began to organize their own monasteries and by the 13th century. they were not much different from other Buddhists. After the fall of the Pagan state, the monasteries remained centers of Myanmar culture. It was there that literate people concentrated in fragmented Myanmar, where Myanmar's literary language developed. The flowering of literature in the XV-XVI centuries. associated with the names of monks - famous poets and writers of Myanmar.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Buddhism began to play a major role in the struggle for the national liberation of Burma from English colonial rule
The creation of the first organizations fighting for the rights of Burmese inhabitants took place under the slogan of protecting Buddhism, protecting national customs and culture, and led to the creation of Buddhist associations and GS A (General Council of Burmese associations). Monasticism had a lot of weight in these organizations. Having no right to directly participate in politics, the monastic unions supported various political groups, setting up public opinion in favor of their allies.
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