Switzerland tours. Grossmuenster church in Zurich. Travel Switzerland. Vacations to remember
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Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland, the unofficial capital of the country, its business and financial center, the concentration of architectural masterpieces, ancient cathedrals, interesting museums
City of clean streets, ideal roads, prosperous and independent residents. This majestic temple is located in the so-called Old Quarter of Zurich, and has a long and interesting history. In addition, Grossmunster, according to ancient legend, is built on a sacred place at the direction of Charlemagne in the 9th century.
Strict and majestic abode with two twin towers located in the heart of Zurich and is considered the hallmark of the city. The old center of Zurich is located between the Limmat River and the Bahnhofstrasse. Nice houses with geraniums on the windows, narrow streets. Come across houses in the tenth century. Here are the main temples, preserved buildings of the XI century, and even fragments of Roman thermas, hidden under glass in one of the alleys.
The Grossmunster Protestant Evangelical Church in the Old Town is one of the most famous city sights. The construction of this church in the Romanesque style began in 1100, and since then it has been reconstructed and rebuilt several times.
There is a legend according to which the construction of the cathedral could not have happened elsewhere. If you believe her, Charlemagne, while hunting for deer, rode here on his horse, which fell on his knees for no reason. Accordingly, the rider was also forced to bow his head in front of the shrine - the story claims that the grave of revered saints, the martyrs Felix and Regulus, was found there. It is this legend that allowed the temple to successfully compete with Fraumunster, founded by the grandson of Charlemagne. However, its truthfulness is highly doubtful - excavations show that there were burials of more Romans in this place, which means that religious buildings on the site of Grossmunster existed at the beginning of the millennium.
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Everything is perfect in Zurich: roads, airport, lake, shops and houses. This is a city of wealthy people and accurate time. History trips - a day in the middle ages. Despite the enormous popularity of the Fraumunster church in Zurich, which attracts tourists with the magnificent stained glass windows of the work of Marc Chagall, nevertheless Grossmunster is the largest and most important church in Switzerland.
Grossmunster is one of the oldest and most important churches in Zurich. In the first half of the 16th century, Grossmunster became the center of the Reformation, the ideologues of which were Ulrich Zwingli and his friend and follower Heinrich Bullinger. During the reconstruction of 1781-1787, Johann Caspar Fegeli and Johannes Millet rebuilt the upper parts of the towers, making them from stone in the neo-Gothic style. Between 1913 and 1915, Gustav Gull and Hermann Fitz recreated the interior decoration of the church as it was in the 12th and 15th centuries.
Sigmar Polke's stained glass windows deserve special attention, as well as a Romanesque crypt, Romanesque columns in the church itself and in its covered gallery, stained glass windows made by Augusto Giacometti (1932), bronze doors in the southern and northern portals, made by Otto Munch (1935) and 1950), and the Museum of the Swiss Reformation. You can book a guided tour. Why is Switzerland the best place in the world?
In 1815, with the active assistance of the Russian Emperor Alexander I, the "permanent neutrality" of Switzerland was proclaimed at the Congress of Vienna: she declared her refusal to participate in any wars, imprisonment and joining military alliances and refusal to expand the territory. Family getaways. The economic center of Switzerland, Zurich, boasts not only reliable bank safes, but also local cuisine. The basis of Zurich cuisine is meat. Along with meat, the people of Zurich love sweets. The local climate is considered mild, intermediate between sea and continental. Here warm winds from the Atlantic prevail.
Swiss transport itself is a landmark. For the entire period of stay in the country, you can buy a Swiss Pass - a travel card that gives you the right to travel in almost all trains, buses, steamboats, trams, trolley buses, as well as free entry to the main museums in Switzerland. Please note that the Swiss Pass does not extend to some cable cars and mountain passes. There will be a surcharge. This is really a very profitable investment, if you count the cost of individual trips. Swiss trains travel very quickly and at the same time quietly, so you can fully enjoy the magnificent landscapes during the journey in comfortable conditions.
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