Grave of Kant. Kaliningrad, former Konigsberg
Immanuel Kant was born and died in Konigsberg
Initially, Kant's grave was located in an old professorial tomb, which adjoined the northern side of the Cathedral
The cathedral was a majestic building, made in the style of the Baltic Gothic, he first was the main Catholic church, and then became Lutheran. The inscription on the grave was stamped: "Immanuel Kant. One of the greatest philosophers of the world rests here.".
By 1809, the professorial chapel decayed and demolished. In its place, a gallery was laid at the outer northern wall of the cathedral. She bore the name of a great philosopher. This building stood until 1880. By the bicentennial jubilee of the philosopher (1924), Kant's grave had become a memorial. The project was designed by architect Friedrich Lars, the main contributor - Hugo Steennes. The memorial is an open hall with columns that surround the cenotaph - a stone coffin. This is a symbolic sarcophagus, the remains of the philosopher do not rest in it, but under the plates of the temple. The style memorial is strikingly different from the entire decoration of the Cathedral.
During the Second World War, the entire city and the burial of the scientist suffered severe trials. The fascist troops occupying the city did not want to retreat and therefore allied forces attacked Konigsberg from the air. During this time, many buildings were destroyed. In 1945, Soviet troops entered the city with fights. When Konigsberg was freed from the enemy, the streets looked depressing. Almost all architecture suffered. Was destroyed and the Cathedral. To the surprise of many, with all this, Kant's grave remained in an acceptable condition. Residents themselves considered this a good sign that the city had not yet died and would be rebuilt.
According to the results of the Second World War, the city became Kaliningrad and became part of the Soviet Union
The grave of the philosopher (tombstone and portico) in the USSR was declared "an object of cultural significance. Kant's Island and the Cathedral located on it, the grave of Kant, the Kant Museum are the most visited sights of Kaliningrad (Konigsberg)." In the building, tourists can visit the museum of the scientist. It is located on the fourth floor of the cathedral.
The museum presents a range of expositions dedicated to the work and life of Immanuel Kant. In the memorial hall, visitors can familiarize themselves with the details of the philosopher's life, including his hobbies, as well as the environment of the scientist and his relatives. In addition, the museum can learn about the activities of the Masonic lodges of the 18-19 century. Even the windows of the room are made in the form of stained glass windows, where Masonic symbols can be seen. Some expositions will tell visitors about the library of the local university and about the history of the island itself, on which the cathedral is located. It is now an island named Kant, and earlier it was called Kneiphof.
To visit the grave of Kant, you need to get to the island of Kant, where there is a large cathedral. This is followed by public transport, but you can order a taxi. On the island itself you will cross the Medovoy Bridge. Continue to the northeastern part of the cathedral. There you will find the grave of Kant. In the city and other attractions associated with the name of the philosopher. There is a monument near the university, and in the university there is a historical study.
I. Kant is the ancestor of German classical philosophy. In his work there are two periods: the critical and subcritical. In the subcritical period I. Kant advanced the hypothesis of the origin of the solar system (Kant-Laplace hypothesis), according to which a vortex motion appeared in the initial mass of matter under the influence of opposite forces of attraction and repulsion and spinning spherical clots of matter formed, heated by friction. The critical period is connected with the publication of three works: "Criticism of pure reason", "Criticism of practical reason", "Criticism of the ability of judgment". This is the period of the formation of the philosophical system of Kant, whose main task was to conduct a critical analysis of the whole of its previous philosophy and to counter the critical approach in assessing the capabilities and abilities of mankind, as Kant believed, dominant before him, the dogmatic approach, and the main feature - reconciliation of materialism and idealism, faith and science.
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