Great Wall Watchtower, China. Tours in China

How to visit the Great Wall

The Great Wall of China is China's most famous landmark

The Great Wall of China stretches across northern China, passing through deserts, meadows, mountain ranges, and ends on the east coast of the country. Most of the Great Wall, visited by tourists and shown in photographs, was built during the Ming dynasty. This part of the Wall officially has a length of 8,900 km (5,500 miles). The most popular and protected parts of it are located around Beijing.

The Great Wall is very long; it crosses nine provinces. The most visited tourist sites are Badalin, Mutianyu and Symatai. You can also visit the Jinshanlin and Jiankou sections. The Great Wall of China in the areas of Badalin, Mutinyuy and Juyongguan is adapted for visiting people with disabilities. The Great Wall of China is located quite far from the center of Beijing - the road to the most beautiful, least crowded tourist part of the Wall, where you can go for a hike, will take about 2 hours.

It is believed that the first parts of the Great Wall of China were built in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC). At that time, the eastern and central parts of modern China were the possessions of many small states and principalities. These states were under the administration of the Western Zhou dynasty (1045 BC. AD - 256 BC. AD.). They had a feudal system of government. To protect these states from the potential threat from the north, their rulers decided to build high walls. These walls, built independently of each other along the borders, were not connected. It was like the Great Wall of China, but the scale of these structures was, of course, much smaller.

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Great Wall Watchtower, China
The main purpose of the Great Wall of China was to protect against external enemies. Therefore, to some extent, this historical monument can be considered as a symbol of the separation of China from the rest of the world. In a positive sense, this may also mean China's attempts to resist alien influence while preserving its own unique culture. For centuries, the Great Wall of China has been an insurmountable barrier to foreigners who want to visit China. Today, the Great Wall plays the opposite role, attracting millions of foreigners.

Mutianyu section of the Great Wall of China

The only serious advantages of the Great Wall of China independent trip are the low price and freedom of action, which for you will be limited only by the train schedule. The rest, of course, the tour wins. There are several more ways to look at the Great Wall of China - these are individual tours by car or in a mini-vein. There is a helicopter flight option. Since the Great Wall is rich in historical and cultural terms, much more than just an ordinary sight, you should seek help from a guide to explain various questions and stories about the Wall in order to get the most out of it and get more knowledge from the trip.

Tourists are not allowed to put up tents in most parts of the Great Wall of China. There are no organized campsites nearby. Some parts of the Great Wall of China, such as Badalin, Mutinyuy, and (partially) Jinshanlin, are well restored. But since the Great Wall of China is located in the mountains, it is difficult to visit them independently. In the wild sections of the Wall there is a real risk of getting lost without a guide, and it can be very difficult to get there yourself.

China is a country of ingenious inventors. It was the Chinese sages who gave the world powder, paper, typography, porcelain, cast iron and a compass. The age of Chinese civilization is several thousand years old. The first settlements of the Khans appeared in the floodplains of the Yellow River and Yangtze River in 4000 BC. er Ancient people engaged in the cultivation of grain and livestock.

Chinese is a collection of several dialects that vary greatly among themselves. In this regard, residents of different regions of China do not always understand each other. Hieroglyphs that symbolize various objects and phenomena of the surrounding reality help the citizens to communicate. A unified system of writing was formed in China in the 11th century BC. It is the most ancient language on the planet. For a competent presentation of your thoughts and reading the Chinese press you need to know a few thousand characters (in Chinese there are about 80 thousand characters). Small Chinese peoples (Mongols, Tibetans, Uygurs, etc.) prefer to speak their native dialects.

Chinese cuisine is very diverse and healthy: rice, seafood, meat and poultry, vegetables and soy sauces are always present on the Chinese table. Tourists like dumplings and rice beer, and if you're a real gourmet, then try Chinese delicacies: frog legs, soup from swallow's nests, lotus roots, seaweed, fern, duck tongues and vodka infused with snakes. All heat treatment (raw products are practically not used, even vegetables) is carried out very quickly, and each component of the dish is processed separately. Usually, everything is very finely chopped; various spices, spices and sauces, of which there are more than three hundred, are necessarily used.

Souvenirs from China. The fan is not only a beautiful decorative, but also a practical thing. You can take several options: from a large accessory to the wall to small pocket ones that are useful on hot weekdays. Ivory, traditional silk, jade, sandalwood or bamboo products are available. Depending on the material and color, the fan attracts luck, finances, affects the emotional state, supports health. Tourists massively bring this present home as a souvenir to themselves and their families.

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