Iguazu Waterfall, Argentina - vacation travel photos. Striking beauty exciting spectacle
Nature pampers us with its wonderful landscapes and unforgettable emotions
In the heart of South America is one of the most spectacular sights of nature - Iguazu Falls
About 120 million years ago, the split of the Pangea continent led to the formation of Africa and South America, the lava that erupted at the same time turned into stone and turned into fine-grained basalt. Its huge boulders bit by bit created waterfalls Iguazu. Iguazu have the shape of a horse hoof. The three-kilometer strip, numbering about 300 waterfalls in height from 40 to 80 meters, surrounded by jungle, is the country of the kinkong or the planet of Pandora. Geological Rift has created a great place to shoot movies in the style of Hollywood.
The Argentine side of the waterfalls is much longer - 2100 meters (in Brazil - 800 meters). Some tourists believe that the view from the Argentine side is much more impressive. These are two kilometers of bridges that allow you to enjoy this beauty all day long.
The beauty and tourist attraction of Iguazu was not appreciated at all immediately. The first "discovery" of waterfalls took place in 1541. Conquistador Alvaro Nunez Kaseko de Baqa searched for Eldorado, saw waterfalls, noted and reported to Spain. But the Spaniards wanted gold, not beauty. The waterfalls were successfully forgotten until the 19th century, when Boselli plotted them on the map. The train goes through the park, which is very convenient, considering the distances.
Argentina for most tourists in the world is a distant South American country, and perhaps the most atypical of all the countries of this continent. It is famous for its unique atmosphere, a mixture of traditions of the New and Old Worlds, as well as an extraordinary variety of man-made and not made by hand sights, which certainly makes it extremely seductive for active tourism. Tourism and especially enotourism are presented here at the proper level.
Iguazu Falls is another confirmation that the nature of Earth is amazing and diverse
The park has many hotels, hotels and campgrounds, they are able to accommodate several thousand visitors at the same time. There are also children's camps, information kiosks and souvenir shops, restaurants and cafes with traditional and European cuisine. The park is permeated with a whole network of paths, on special sites you can have a picnic or observe the surroundings.
Every spring, swarms of swifts arrive here to hatch nestlings, they nest behind a column of falling water, here for sure no predator will reach them. Jaguars are also found in Iguazu Park, but their number has declined sharply due to poaching, so park workers are doing everything they can to preserve these predators.
The nearest large settlements of Foz do Iguacu (Brazil) and Puerto Iguacu (Argentina) are at a distance from local waterfalls that local planes easily travel in two hours. In good weather, a small picture of the entire complex of waterfalls opens from small airplanes - it will stand in front of your eyes for years.
Rainforests are called the "lungs of the Earth" because of their ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and produce oxygen in large quantities. The more such forests, the faster they grow, the correspondingly better for mitigating the effects of climate change. Scientists recently found that rainforests do not suffer from a lot of rainfall - as previously thought. It was believed that forest growth would slow with increased rainfall. But now, scientists in their work collected data on 150 forests and came to the conclusion that this is not so.
Environmentalists previously believed that 2,400 millimeters of rain per year could slow the growth of rainforests. But while working on the Osa Peninsula in southwestern Costa Rica, scientists discovered that the forest, which received up to 4900 millimeters of rain annually, was one of the most prosperous and carbon-rich rainforests on Earth. It turned out that on cool tropical forests (with an average temperature below 20 degrees Celsius), which make up only about 5% of all tropical forests, a large amount of rainfall affects negatively, and on warm forests, which most, rains, on the contrary, have a beneficial effect.
Half of the surface of our planet must be made a protected area by 2050. This is necessary not only to save wild animals from extinction, but also to maintain a ecosystem that is comfortable for humans. This conclusion was made by scientists. Such a measure is necessary in order to preserve biodiversity on Earth, since there are still many species of living organisms that are simply unknown to science. It is important to correctly identify areas that are primarily in need of protection. First of all, these are areas with a poor species composition of living organisms. Protecting half of the Earth's surface will help maintain a comfortable ecosystem for humans.
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