Kenya tourism. Lesser Flamingos spreading their wings at Lake Nakuru National Park. Kenya Safari Holidays

Today it is one of the most visited places in Kenya

During the peak season, over 1.5 million flamingos and half a million pelicans gather on the lake

Lake Nakuru National Park was originally established as a bird sanctuary in 1960 and in 1968 received the status of a national park. The food chain of the lakes of the park is based on the blue-green algae Cyanophyte Spirulina platensis, which feeds a huge number of flamingos. Due to this, the park has gained worldwide fame. The number of flamingos on the lake varies throughout the year depending on the lake water and food. The average depth of the lake is about 30 cm, and the maximum reaches 1.8 meters. The water in the lake never freezes.

Nakuru is a very salty lake, but the salt in it is different than in the ocean. The lake is saturated with bicarbonates and carbonates. According to geologists, once there was a large freshwater lake, but then the climate changed, it became drier, and the large lake divided into three small ones: Naivasha, Elmenteita and Nakuru. The uniqueness of this region determines the uniqueness of the local flora and fauna. Quite interesting is the area around the lake, where many animals live, including rare white rhinos.

Flamingo - graceful, long-legged birds, recognized as one of the most beautiful on the planet. This fact began to attract a large number of scientists and tourists to Nakuru. There are more small flamingos than their larger representatives - about 200 small individuals per one large. Despite such a difference in numbers, birds get along very well among themselves, as members of one family, and do not even compete for food, as they feed on different types of food.

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Kenya tourism. Lesser Flamingos spreading their wings at Lake Nakuru National Park. Kenya Safari Holidays.
Millions and sometimes two million flocks of flamingos are surrounded by bright pink carpets on the shores of the lake, they descend and ascend along the coastline, creating bizarre living patterns from various shades of purple color. Ornithologists claim that this is the greatest ornithological spectacle in the world. During the year, their number varies with the water level in the lake and food. Herons, the yellow-billed stork, the rodent eagle, the great white pelican, cormorant and the African eagle fisherman also live here. At the peak of the season the number of pelicans can reach half a million. Every year, the territory of Lake Nakuru becomes a haven for migratory birds from Eurasia, who rest here on their way south or spend the winter.

Translated from the language of local residents, Nakuru means "dusty place."

The lake is constantly on the verge of complete drying. In the 90s of the last century, it dried up, but then again filled with water. In addition to flamingos, the park has many other species of birds that live near the lake and in the thickets of trees: the rodent-eagle, the giant heron, the hammer-maker, the pied kingfisher and the kaffir eagle. Among the geographic attractions of the park stands Meningai sleeping volcano with a height of 2.3 km above sea level.

The lake is fed by two rivers: Nyiro and Nderit. The amount of water in the lake depends on the precipitation that falls in the region. Not a single river flows out of Nakuru. The lake varies greatly in size throughout the year. The park is also inhabited by a Ugandan giraffe moved for safety from western Kenya in 1977. Of the predators, the lion and the leopard are present, the last of which has been observed much more often since recently.

The park also contains large pythons that inhabit dense forests and which can be seen crossing the road or hanging from trees. Amazing photos of Lake Nakuru. Wildlife lovers will find this lake extremely interesting because it attracts not only flamingos and other birds such as pelicans and cormorants, but also warthogs, rhinos and baboons. Herds of zebras also appear here from time to time.

Six species of phytoplankton, several species of zooplankton, one species of fish and small crustaceans belong to living organisms that were able to settle down in a fairly aggressive environment of the lake. The largest blue-green alga Spirulina platensis dwells here in the greatest quantities, dyeing the waters here in dark green and making them sticky and thick. That algae attract in this area a huge number of flamingos - small and large. The lake and the surrounding area are known not only for the abundance of these beautiful birds, but also for more than 400 species of other birds.

Phosphorus is one of the six basic chemical elements that make up living organisms. Therefore, it is believed that life could arise only in an environment containing free phosphorus or its compounds. But, judging by the preserved deposits, in most ancient reservoirs the concentration of phosphates was too low for the appearance of the first living organisms. There are exceptions - the so-called soda lakes formed in hot climates in closed basins. Scientists studied modern soda lakes and came to the conclusion that their counterparts in ancient times could well have become the birthplace of life.

Phosphorus plays an important role for terrestrial living organisms. The main source of phosphorus for humans and other organisms is animal tissue and plants. The latter take this element from the soil, where it also has an organic origin. Most of the inorganic phosphorus on Earth is in the form of phosphates - insoluble minerals. In the free state, phosphorus does not occur in nature due to the high chemical activity. Therefore, the question of where the water-soluble phosphorus compounds came from, which are necessary for the first organisms, remains unanswered. In the scientific literature, it was called "phosphate problems."

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