Kruger Park, South Africa
Travel to Africa. Kruger National Park. Magnificent Kruger Park will give odds to any zoo.
Elephants, Giraffes, Hippos and Paul Kruger
It was during the presidency of Paul Kruger in 1898 that the government of Transvaal announced the formation of the first reserve at this place to protect animals from hunting. It became the Kruger Park later, in 1926. The fauna of the Kruger Park resembles in its diversity Noah's Ark. The park is inhabited by at least 50 species of fish, 33 species of amphibians, 114 - reptiles, 527 - birds, among which there are many endemics. Kruger Park has 147 species of mammals, and a total of about 250,000 animals. Kruger Park is divided into 14 eco-zones, each of which is designed for certain types of animals. Constantly meeting birds delight you with a bright exotic color.
Among the many national parks in South Africa, Kruger is the most famous, largest and most visited. In the top of South African attractions, he shares first place with Cape Town. In size it is comparable to a small European country. Legions of tourists visit it every year, thanks to the incredible diversity and availability of animals, which can be seen here with your own eyes.
Walking through the park can be done only when accompanied by guards. Each year, Kruger Park is visited by about a million tourists from around the world. For thrill-seekers, the whole entertainment industry works in the park, flying over spectacular landscapes on helicopters and balloons is especially popular. In the Kruger National Park you can find unique rock paintings of ancient Bushmen and see archaeological sites. The Kruger National Park is listed on the UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage List and is the national pride of South Africa.
Since forest elephants predominantly feed on fast-growing species, they cause them high damage. Such trees disappear faster compared to slowly growing species with a high density of wood. Therefore, the collapse of forest elephant populations is likely to lead to an increase in the number of fast-growing tree species due to slow-growing species and to a decrease in the ability of forests to capture carbon. Elephants destroy different types of plants at different speeds. These animals prefer fast-growing species in more open spaces. When they feed and trample trails, they cause damage by knocking down a branch or breaking a bush.
Every time, seeing elephants at such a distance, you think, but what will happen if some of them do not like you
In the Kruger Park live from 7 to 12 thousand rhinos, about 12 thousand elephants, 5 thousand giraffes, 3 thousand lions, 3 thousand hippos, 2 thousand leopards, but only 120 cheetahs. If the driver of the oncoming car saw something interesting, he will definitely stop and tell you. In the afternoon and evening, those who stop at the lodges in the park, on a large magnetic card, mark which animals they saw and where.
During the dry period, the largest number of animals occurs in water bodies. The rivers Limpopo and Crocodile form the natural boundaries of the reserve in the north and south. In the east, Mount Lebombo separates it from Mozambique, and in the west the border runs along the chain of the Drakensberg Mountains. The climate is subtropical.
The hours, immediately after dawn and immediately before sunset, are considered the most interesting in terms of the likelihood of meeting an animal. According to the rules of the park, it is impossible to get out of the car outside the fenced camps and it is forbidden to put your hands out of the windows This is not a joke - here the lions and leopards really wander, and not only.
The elephant is one of the most amazing animals. They are not only able to do much, but they can also grieve, worry, be bored and even laugh. In difficult situations, they always come to the aid of their relatives. Elephants have the ability to music and drawing. The elephant is a sacred animal in India and Thailand. And although these majestic animals are protected by laws and are even listed in the International Red Book, poachers are still there who are ready to kill this beautiful animal for profit.
The mysterious bone process found on all the legs of the elephants turned out to be the sixth finger, scientists said. For over 300 years, this structure has puzzled researchers, but recently, in a new analysis, it was found that it helps animals maintain their enormous weight. Fossil studies have shown that the so-called "pre-finger" developed among elephants about 40 million years ago, at a time when ancient elephants became more impressive in size and moved to live on land. Many animals have similar cartilaginous growths, and they sometimes turn into bone and serve in different species for various purposes. For elephants, this bone structure serves a simple purpose: it helps huge animals to stand up. Unlike pandas and moles, in which the extra "finger" is only on the front legs, in elephants this bone is present on all four legs. Although the legs of elephants look like tree trunks in appearance, inside they have a very complex structure. Five standard toes located in front help elephants to lean when they get up, and an additional "toe" located at the back provides support for the animal under the heel.
Slow-growing plant species survive better in the presence of elephants. Animals do not eat these species and over time, the forest becomes dominated by these slowly growing plants. Wood (lignin) has a carbon base, that is, it contains a large number of carbon molecules. Slowly growing species with a high density of wood contain more carbon molecules per unit volume than fast-growing species with a low density of wood. As elephants thin out the forest, they increase the number of slowly growing trees, and the forest is able to accumulate more carbon.
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