Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Travel to Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod is famous for its stone Kremlin, writer Maxim Gorky, the GAZ automobile factory and the patriots who liberated Moscow from the Poles - Minin and Pozharsky
Maxim Gorky, or Alexey Maksimovich Peshkov, a great proletarian writer, was not only born here, but also left a memory of himself: in the center are many apartments and houses where he lived, worked or read his works.
During the Tatar-Mongol invasion on the territory of Russia, Nizhny Novgorod was destroyed. There were about 17 destructive attacks on the city in its history. But Nizhny not only revived after each successive defeat, but also strengthened his position as the economic, political, cultural and religious center of Russia. Nizhny Novgorod became famous in the fight against the Polish invaders. In 1612 the Nizhny Novgorod militia acted, led by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky. Today, all of Russia annually recalls the feat of Nizhny Novgorod on the Day of National Unity - November 4. And on the place where the leaders of the militia gathered people to fight the invaders, there is a monument to the heroes of the people (by the way, the same monument adorns the Red Square in Moscow).
The geographical position of the city contributed to a strong position. Due to the excellent "transport interchange" of that time, the rivers along which they transported various goods throughout the country, the city won the status of "pocket of Russia" - the main center of trade. But it was already in the 18-19 centuries after the transfer of the Fair to Nizhny Novgorod.
Nizhny Novgorod region is very picturesque. Here is a very beautiful nature, magnificent Volga and Gorky reservoir. Ancient cities and large religious centers have been preserved. If time and opportunity allow, take a trip to Gorodets, Chkalovsk, Balakhna, Arzamas, Diveevo, Boldino, Semenov and Khokhloma, to the Shukhov Tower on the Oka River, Lake Svetloyar, to the existing Peshelan Mine, Sheremetyevsky Castle, Makaryevsky Monastery and Sergievskaya Sloboda.
Inspect any city is better systematically and incrementally, knowing in advance what and where to look
Of course, you can just walk the streets, the benefit of the street Nizhny Novgorod to have this, but in this case there is a chance to miss something important and interesting. Indeed, in Nizhny Novgorod, many museums and temples, each of which is original and unique. Where to begin? For one day, tourists can be offered the following program: Minin and Pozharsky Square - Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin (sightseeing) - walk along Voskresenskaya Street to the River Port - walk along Nizhne-Volzhskaya Street to Chkalovsky Stairs - Minin Square and Pozharsky - Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street.
In the language of Nizhny Novgorod, the two urban shores are called the "upper part" (it's also a "city" in the slang of many residents of the other bank) and the "lower part". The "upper part" located on the Dyatlovy mountains is the historical center of the city, "the place from where the Nizhny Novgorod land came from." The lower part of the city was built up later, and all the areas here, as a rule, appeared and rebuilt around certain industrial centers - plants. The main business center of the city today is its historical part. The main objects of cultural life of the city are located in the upper part: theaters, exhibition galleries, museums, as well as the best universities of the city.
Nizhny Novgorod is one of the most beautiful cities in Russia. This majestic Kremlin, towering on a steep bank over the Volga, the ancient city buildings of the XVII - early XX centuries, magnificent temples and monasteries. This is the picturesque Arrow of the Volga and Oka, steep slopes, free-of-the-Volga given away.
Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street is the main street of Nizhny Novgorod, in the historical part of the city - pedestrian. Connects Minin and Pozharsky Square and Lyadov Square. Many buildings are architectural monuments of the XIX - early XX centuries. There are many interesting sights that deserve special mention.
Rozhdestvenskaya Street starts from People's Unity Square, then runs parallel to the Lower Volga embankment along the Volga towards Oka. It owes its name to the Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist at the Bargain. There are many cafes and restaurants on the street. Interesting sights: Monument to Kozma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky on the National Unity Square. Opened November 4, 2005, it is a copy of the monument erected on Red Square in Moscow in front of St. Basil's Cathedral. Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist at the Bargain. One of the oldest temples in Nizhny Novgorod. In 1611, the Nizhny Novgorod zemsky warden Kozma Minin addressed her porch with an appeal to the people, thereby laying the foundation for the Nizhny Novgorod militia. It was rebuilt in stone between 1676 and 1683.
"Bugrovskaya rooming house." The building was built in the 1880s by the millionaire Bugrov merchants. The life of the guests of this lodging house was reflected by Maxim Gorky in the play "At the Bottom". Address: Rozhdestvenskaya St., 2. Monument "Salt scam." It is two cast-iron galoshes of the 58th size and standing next to the bags of salt. Dedicated to the infamous salt scam of 1864. Christmas (Stroganov) church. Built in 1697-1719 at the expense of salt industrialist G.D. Stroganov. One of the most beautiful churches in Russia, an example of the Stroganov baroque. It is famous for its old two-tier iconostasis decorated with rich carvings with gilding. A tower clock is installed on the bell tower of the church, in the repair of which Ivan Kulibin took part.
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