Patagonian whale. Valdes Peninsula of Argentina

Southern right whale. Patagonia. Have a good trip.

Since 1999, the Valdes Peninsula has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List

Argentina. Valdes Peninsula. Southern right whales. Your journey begins in the city of Puerto Madryn, it is located on the very coast of the Atlantic. In the bay goes almost half a kilometer pier on which you can walk. From it you can look at the games of whales and dormant sea lions. Huge animals, rejoicing in the sun, enjoys their life without paying any attention to you, and can, on the contrary, pose for you.

Valdes Peninsula is one of the best whale watching point in the world. Thousands of sea giants swim to the warm (for whales, not for humans) waters of the bay for breeding and nurturing offspring. Eubalaena australis, or southern smooth whale, is a species typical of these latitudes. An adult individual reaches 18 meters in length and weighs 80 tons - but until you see it with your own eyes, it is even difficult to imagine such dimensions. The southern smooth whale is an amazingly friendly and sociable creature. They float to the boats without fear and let them see themselves from all sides. Mothers with "babies" especially love to approach people, the length at birth already reaches 5-6 meters, and the weight is about one and a half tons.

Already in Puerto Madryn, you can see the first whales - jumping high out of the water, showing either a fin or a tail, raising fountains of water and circling in front of the ship's pier. The southern smooth whale is an excellent acrobat. All these amazing pirouettes of multi-ton giants are a way to communicate with each other. Gusts of wind will bring to us the incredible sounds that they make. You can also get to El Doradillo beach - thanks to the special relief of the bottom on this beach, whales have the opportunity to swim directly to the shore, they can be seen just a few meters from the surf.

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Patagonian whale
Incredible Peninsula Valdes in Argentina. Whales swim to the peninsula Valdes from June to December to mate, also here you can meet sea lions, penguins, orcas, various birds and land animals. The coastal line of the peninsula Valdez is very picturesque: kilometers of sandy beaches, reefs and huge rocks. The coast of the peninsula is of crucial global importance for the conservation of rare species of marine mammals. In the Bay of Nuevo, which separates the Valdez Peninsula from mainland Patagonia, the water is calmer and warmer than in the open ocean. Such a feature of the local waters has determined favorable conditions for all marine life that swim here to breed and raise offspring. They include the southern whale.

The coastal waters of the Valdez peninsula are one of those places where whales swim after a year of pregnancy to give birth to their young

Predatory mammals - the southern sea lion and the southern elephant seal - live here in whole colonies. Orcas fly to the coast of the peninsula of Argentina in search of food. On land, you can often find ostriches Nanda, mara, known as Patagonian guinea pig or Patagonian hare, as well as guanaco. In the north of the peninsula Valdez numerous penguin nests. Also, these places are chosen and the largest flocks of sea gulls, flamingos and cormorants.

Take good binoculars - everything can be quite far away, and there are still a lot of birds. Comfortable hiking boots and sunscreen are absolutely essential, and sunglasses will protect not only from the rays, but also from the wind. Panoramic camera or a camera with the option of shooting a panorama will help to make better landscape photos. There is no mandatory vaccination for this region, but check your insurance.

Scientists have been arguing about the causes of mass suicides of the largest mammals on the planet for many years. It has been suggested that pollution of their habitats, some kind of mysterious disease, echolocation failure or even a depressive state cause them to be washed ashore. The exact reason for the suicidal tendencies of animals, science is not yet in power, even from the point of view of the theory of natural selection. One of the latest versions explaining the mysterious behavior of whales was the assumption of sound pollution of the ocean. This, of course, was the result of technological progress, when the rumble of submarine engines, fishing ships, noise from underwater military tests or underwater mining was added to the natural oceanic noises, and the greatest harm comes from military sonars. Experiments have shown that from dolphins some dolphins lost their hearing for 40 minutes.

Therefore, it is possible that in the ocean, animals, faced with the action of the radar, can fall into a real "sound underwater trap." This noise can be amplified many times, reflected from warm and cold water streams directly in animals. As a result, they simply lose their orientation and swim in shallow water, from where they are thrown ashore. Another version explains the suicide of marine animals with decompression sickness, which divers often suffer from decompression. Quickly floating to the surface, nitrogen bubbles accumulate in the blood of animals, which break the blood vessels. Blood seems to boil. Signs of decompression sickness are also indicated by the autopsy of some animals that have landed on shore. The sounds of the motors of submarines or explosions themselves can increase the number of nitrogen bubbles in the blood of animals. As a result, the nervous system of animals was injured and the same loss of orientation followed. In fairness, we must admit that the cases of suicide of whales have been known for quite some time, they were even when half the modern technology was not plowed by the oceans. In addition, cases of unexplained mass suicides are found not only among whales.

New Zealand scientists recently reported a unique find - a huge squid was caught in Antarctic waters. The weight of this cephalopod is 350 kg. Like other relatives of the giant squid, the mollusk has three hearts - one for the gills (three and a half meters long!), And one for pumping blood. Scientists noted that the squid's eyes are well preserved, which is very rare. The squid turned out to be a female carrying fertilized eggs. Squid found a fishing vessel, the captain of which, noticing the animal, ordered to carefully take it on board. It is not known how many giant squids live in the waters of the ocean.

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