Pushkin, Russia - vacation travel photos. The Catherine Palace

The main attraction of Pushkin is the Catherine Palace. Romantic weekend getaway ideas


Trip to the town of Pushkin - walk through Tsarskoye Selo. Not far from St. Petersburg is the city of Pushkin (formerly Tsarskoye Selo)

The Pushkin Museum-Reserve is famous for its magnificent palaces and parks, magnificent churches, hospitable hotels and cozy restaurants. By 1724, a two-storey stone palace appeared here, the garden was expanded and re-planned with terraces with two ponds. In 1716, a wooden Assumption Church was built nearby. From then on, the "Sarskaya manor" was called "Sarskoye Selo". Later, the village completely Russified to the name "Tsarskoye Selo". In the 1740-1750s, under Elizabeth Petrovna, the modest palace of Catherine I was rebuilt into a luxurious summer residence. Tsarskoe Selo becomes the imperial residence. A settlement is formed around it.

The reconstruction of the Catherine Palace was done by Francesco Rastrelli. The palace has reached our days in almost all its basic features, which were given to it by an Italian architect. In 1755, from the 3rd Winter Palace, the Amber Room was moved here, which everyone today knows as the Amber Room. In the 1770s, to the west of the Grand Palace, a new landscape park was laid out, which would later be called Aleksandrovsky. In 1792-1795, the Alexander Palace was built according to the design of Giacomo Quarenghi for the future Emperor Alexander I.

From 1808 to 1832, the urban architect of Tsarskoye Selo was the Scottish architect William Geste appointed by Alexander I. The fire of 1820 badly damaged the Grand Palace, and Vasily Petrovich Stasov led the restoration work. According to his project in the classical style, the Manege, the Stables building, the Great Orangery were built. From 1811 to 1843, the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum was located in the wing of the Catherine Palace, in which Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin lived and studied from 1811 to 1817. In honor of this event was later named the city.

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Pushkin, Russia - vacation travel photos

In the Catherine Palace there were three beautiful women who contributed to the history of Russia: Catherine I, Elizabeth and Catherine II

Former royal country residence since 1918 is a museum. It received its present name in 1992. Today "Tsarskoye Selo" is a museum-reserve, a monument of town planning art and a palace and park ensemble of the 18th - early 20th centuries, which is included in the UNESCO list of objects. It includes the Catherine Park with a palace and pavilions, the Catherine Park with the Catherine Palace and other buildings, the Alexander Park with the palace and pavilions, and Babolovsky Park with the palace.

In 1609-1702, on the territory of the present-day Catherine Palace, there was a small Swedish manor, Saari Mois, consisting of a wooden house, outbuildings for it and a modest garden, which were divided into 4 alleys perpendicular to each other. Even earlier, this settlement is mentioned in the Vopeskaya Pyatyna Census Book of Novgorod in 1501, as part of the Nikol's Izhora Pogost.

On maps made for Boris Godunov, the estate has the name "Saritsa". Later, under the influence of the Russian language, the name became "Sarskoy manor". There are many active temples and cathedrals. Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum was created to teach noble children. A lot of philosophers, historians and poets grew up just within the walls of this institution. Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum is located near the Catherine Palace.



All over the world it is known that Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was his most outstanding student. Today it houses the Pushkin Lyceum Museum. Finishing a walk in Tsarskoye Selo is worth a visit to the Catherine and Alexander parks. Catherine Park is proud of its landscaped English garden, framing the Big Pond, also boasts a regular Dutch park. There are many exotic buildings, pavilions, original bridges and marble sculptures. The park, named after Alexander I, is a great place for quiet walks in the fresh air.

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