Africa travel. Sand dune climbing at sunrise, Sahara Desert, Algeria - vacation travel photos

The Sahara desert still keeps a lot of mysteries

In the north of Africa there is a state whose name sounds like al-Gzayir, which means translated from the Arab "island" - this is Algeria

This name originated thanks to a group of small islands in front of the entrance to the capital's port, which gave its name not only to the capital, but to the whole country. Most of the territory of Algeria, almost 80%, is occupied by the Sahara, the great African desert. In the north, the country is washed by the waters of the Mediterranean. On land, it borders in the east with Tunisia and Libya, with Mali and Niger in the south, and with Mauritania and Morocco in the west.

The Sahara is called its homeland by numerous tribes of North African Berbers. Free nomad men, Berbers generously share their customs and culture with the brave men who ventured to go on an exciting journey to Algeria - the very heart of the planet's greatest desert. It is best to go on excursions to the Sahara and the ancient cities of Algeria in the first half of spring or in the middle of autumn

Algeria is a very ancient country, rich in cultural, historical, natural and architectural landmarks. The main places that tourists should visit are: the Atlas Mountains, Timgad, Jami-al-Jadid Mosque, Kasbah (old town), Tassili n'Ajjer national park, Beni Hammad Fort (ancient city), Belezma National Park, Royal Mausoleum of Mauritania, Museum of Fine Arts, Museum of Antiquity.

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Africa travel. Sand dune climbing at sunrise, Sahara Desert, Algeria - vacation travel photos

Relatively recently, by historical standards, rivers flowed in the Sahara and green forests grew

In 1933, Leo Frobenius, the famous German explorer of Africa, during one of his expeditions, found in Libya, on the rocks of Fezzan in the heart of the waterless Sahara desert, images of bulls, elephants, ostriches, lions, antelopes, goats, rhinos and even hippos. For 60 km along both sides of the dried riverbed of the ancient river (wadi), relief paintings painted in red ocher or white clay stretched across the dark orange cracked rocks.

The age of the images was not exactly known, but everything told the scientist that the Sahara was not always a lifeless territory. A truly endless sea of sand, stone and clay, with only rare green spots of oases and a single river, is the present-day Sahara desert. Its territory is eight million square kilometers. This is more than Australia and slightly less than Brazil.

Five thousand kilometers of heat and sand, from the Atlantic coast of Africa to the Red Sea. But in the Paleolithic period, i.e. 10-12 thousand years ago, when a man first appeared in North Africa, the climate here was much more humid. The Sahara was not a desert, but an African steppe-savannah. Crocodiles lived in the rivers that flowed in place of the current wadis. The last representatives of these reptiles live now in one small reservoir in Hoggar on the edge of the desert. In many areas of the Sahara there were ancient cities that are now buried by a layer of sand.

The local African population for several centuries adheres to its traditions, rules of life, culture, which have survived on the continent to this day. Africans to this day exist thanks to hunting, fishing and gathering, without experiencing the great need for civilized objects of the modern world. This does not mean that they do not know about all the achievements of the latest developments, they can simply do without all the benefits of civilization, without contacting anyone around, leading a solitary lifestyle.

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