South Africa elephant. South African Safari
Kruger Park is on a plain of two million hectares
The Kruger National Park is located in the Mpumalaga region about 510 km from the city of Johannesburg
Africa is an amazing unfamiliar continent that can surprise and give new impressions for a very long time. Kruger National Park is the most famous and most profitable national park in South Africa. Kruger Park is divided into 14 eco-zones, each of which can boast completely different representatives of flora and fauna. However, its furious popularity among tourists Kruger is primarily due to the presence of the "big five": a lion, a rhinoceros, an elephant, a buffalo and a leopard.
The park was founded in 1898 by ex-president Paul Kruger to protect the environment and priceless endangered species of animals. However, the park opened its doors for tourists only in 1927. In April 2002, the Great Limpopo Transnational Park was launched, uniting Kruger Park in South Africa, Gonarej Park, Mangini-Pan and Malipati Park in Zimbabwe and Limpopo in Mozambique. Today it is the largest national park in the world.
Of course, no one invites you to a hunting safari, but to a completely harmless photo safari, after which the animals are all alive and well. Here, hunting is now strictly prohibited. The conditions created for animals to stay in the park are considered ideal. Kruger Park breaks all records on the maintenance and diversity of plants and animals. The national park has no borders between individual states. Animals inhabiting the reserve can move freely around it. Tourists can visit the whole park with a visa from one of the three countries. Despite the fact that the north of the park is much more spectacular and original, the southern part is more popular and mastered by tourists.
A population of elephants in the forests of Central Africa promotes the growth of slowly growing trees with a high density of wood. These trees absorb more carbon from the atmosphere than fast-growing species - the food of elephants. Thus, these large mammals contribute to the utilization of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Forest elephants form their environment, serving as seed dispersants and forest "bulldozers", as they eat more than a hundred kinds of fruits, tread bushes, overturn trees and create paths and clearings. Their environmental impacts also affect tree populations and carbon levels in the forest, with significant climate implications.
Elephants have a life expectancy of 60 to 70 years. Some features of elephants are very similar to humans, namely, they remember previous experience and are able to use this knowledge
The provinces of Mpumalanga and Limpopo in South Africa are famous for their scenic landscapes of untouched nature. Here is the oldest world-famous Kruger National Park. It is considered to be the pride and treasure of South Africa and is among the largest wildlife sites on Earth. It is difficult to see all representatives of the Big Five on one day, not everyone is lucky.
Kruger Park is famous for its "population". More than 2 thousand different species of tropical plants grow here - as many as six ecosystems, from savanna to forests around water bodies. Here you can find more than 500 species of birds, about 100 species of reptiles, about 50 species of fish. For the sake of your own safety in the park you can not: get out of the car outside the lodge, feed the animals, bring pets, ride in the dark.
If a visit to Kruger Park falls on weekends or holidays, it is necessary to book places in the lodges in advance. Before entering the park, you need to buy a booklet containing the necessary information, and be sure to take and study the park plan for free. They will help you during the tour. Where to go on one trip: Johannesburg, Pretoria, Kruger Park, Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope, Mazorini Museum, Cape Peninsula.
Africa is often associated with wild animals. On this continent, the highest density of wildlife species and the richest variety of fauna compared to any other continent of our planet. This is due to the huge landscapes with different climatic zones from subarctic to tropical. The African continent has the highest concentration of national parks on the planet.
The elephant is recognized as the largest land mammal. Moreover, it is an African elephant. The largest elephant is 3.96 meters high and weighs 12 tons. Elephants can communicate using low-frequency noises that are not even audible to humans. In this case, the largest terrestrial mammal can hear its relative at a distance of several kilometers. How do they do it? The largest mammal on Earth hears not only the ears, but also the legs. Ultra-low frequency sounds can pass through the earth. This became known more than 20 years ago. It is believed that African elephants resort to this method of communication when there is too much noise above the ground. After research, it became known that the largest terrestrial mammal is capable of transmitting seismic waves at a distance of two kilometers.
The majestic animals that we strongly associate with the African savannah - ferocious lions, massive elephants, towering above everything around giraffes, according to recent studies, play a relatively small role in the formation of the ecosystem. Termite seems to be the real king of the savannah, say environmentalists who have discovered that this modest creature makes a significant contribution to pasture production in central Kenya through a network of evenly distributed colonies. Termitniks significantly increase the activity of animals and plants at the local level, and if they are evenly distributed over a large area, it increases ecosystem productivity to the limit. The mechanism of termite influence on the ecosystem is quite complicated. Termites introduce coarse particles into soil located near termite mounds. These coarse particles trap water in the soil, while protecting the topsoil from destructive drying during drought and from no less destructive swelling during rainfall. Termitniks also increase the content of such beneficial substances in the soil as phosphorus and nitrogen. All these beneficial changes in the soil directly or indirectly affect the ecosystem far beyond the boundaries of the termite mound.
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