Africa tours. Tunisian city Monastir and mausoleum. Africa travel

Friday is Muslim holy day of the week

Tunisia is an amazing and contrasting country, a lot of it is unusual for foreign tourists

On Friday, Muslims make an obligatory group prayer "Juma Namaz". It occurs at lunchtime. It is necessary to pray in the group of believers and always in the presence of the imam. Therefore, most Muslims go to the mosque on Friday at lunchtime. Juma's prayer is longer than usual, as they preach in a mosque. In Monastir, first of all it is worth visiting Medina - the old city. Its main architectural monuments are the Great Mosque (9th century), the marble columns for the construction of which were taken from the ruins of the ancient Roman Ruspin, and the fortress walls with historic gates: the western Bab el Harbi was built at 15 in the gafsid dynasty, the northeast Bab Tunisia saw the light at the end of the 18th century, and the southern Bab Briksha created the Ottoman Turks at the end of the 17th century.

Tunis is the capital of Tunisia, balancing at the junction of different cultures: African, Arab and European. The old center is an illustration of Scheherazade's tales: bustling markets with outlandish goods, ever-boiling medina, magnificent mosques - oriental classics. Once the Roman settlement of Ruspina, and now the popular resort of Monastir, attracts tourists with inexpensive rest, combined with fairly high-quality beaches, a cozy medina with a lot of historical attractions, thalassocenters and golf courses, as well as proximity to the noisy youth Sousse. The tourist zone of Skanes, taken out of the city, allowed to preserve the authentic atmosphere of the city, where life flows just like during the time of the first President of Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba. The head of state was born in Monastir and chose to rest here, to which is testimony to the mausoleum, one of the most visited monuments of the city.

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Africa tours. Tunisian city Monastir and mausoleum. Africa travel

Before the advent of Islam, the Arabs were mostly nomadic tribes, went in small groups, often families

Naturally, many problems had to be solved outside of their family or group. For example, to buy or sell something, agree on the marriage of a son or the marriage of a daughter, just chat with distant relatives, ask for advice and the like. To address these issues, it was convenient for all neighboring nomads to gather somewhere in one place and at the same time. With the advent of Islam, the mosque became such a place, and Friday became time. If everyone gathers at a mosque on Friday for a common prayer, then after or before the prayer it is convenient and things to do, since everyone has gathered. In Arabic, the word "Juma" is translated simultaneously as "Friday" and as "meeting." Where there are a lot of people, there is an ideal place for trade and exchange. Hence the tradition to arrange a bazaar on Friday. For the authorities such a meeting has always been extremely convenient, you can bring to all the new decrees and laws. All these traditions have successfully survived.

Habib Bourguiba Mausoleum is one of architectural dominant of the city. A wide alley leads to a building with a golden dome and two minarets, and on either side of it there is a city cemetery. Inside are the marble sarcophagi of members of the Bourguiba family and a small museum, which presents the personal belongings of the first president of Tunisia.

The massive marble sarcophagus of Bourguiba itself with magnificent carvings and gold accents is located in the central hall of the mausoleum, topped with a dome. You can look at it from the internal balcony of the 2nd floor. For the first time, people appeared on the territory of Tunisia as early as 200 000 BC. The first culture was formed about 10 000 years BC. Around 5,000 BC the culture of the Berbers - the indigenous inhabitants of Tunisia - emerged.

The Tunisian people are benevolent, and famous for their hospitality and hospitality. Historically, the local population was formed through the mixing of different cultures and ethnic groups. The ancient history of this country, will interest many curious tourists, and will be interesting to everyone, regardless of age. To see this, it is enough to choose one of the excursion programs, it will be very informative and interesting. You can choose from a variety of excursion tours, from a trip of several days in length to a one-day excursion to historical places. Monuments of architecture of Tunisia, keep traces of ancient civilizations, which we know from the films, and from history books.

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