Vast Siberia, Russia. Holidays in Siberia is a wonderful choice

Siberia is just huge in length and the choice of beautiful places for tourism is diverse

Rest in the Altai Mountains has long been considered a matter of active tourists. In recent years, there have been places for a relaxing family holiday, next to which you can swim: Lake Aya, Manzherok, Turquoise Katun, Rublevka

Traditionally, the Altai Mountains attracts lovers of outdoor activities. The purest mountain air, wild untouched nature, beautiful waterfalls, rock paintings of ancient people and for many kilometers there is not a soul. The exact opposite of modern civilization, the rest will definitely be successful. In the foothills of the Altai there are many recreation centers (Chemal, Lake Teletskoye, etc.) and it's good all year round.

Altai is ideal for long walks. Enjoying beautiful natural landscapes can not be compared with walking around the city. The most interesting places of Altai are there, where the buses do not go, occasionally for 100 km there are houses with local shepherds. In such places you can climb partially on off-road vehicles, or walk on them on foot. The diversity of the landscape gives a large number of options for recreation. So in the steppes you can ride horses. In the lakes - swim and fish. Rivers are a great place for rafting, and experienced travelers as well as beginners can climb the mountains.

In the Permian period, all the continents gathered in one supercontinent Pangea, which in ancient Greek means "the whole Earth." In the Urals region, the puzzle from the continents was not very successful. Two mainland plates strongly collided with each other. The rocks began to squeeze out, like toothpaste from a tube - and mountains rose into the sky. They grew thousands of years and reached the heights of the Himalayas. Today, almost nothing remains of the ancient mountains. Every day, rivers carried away tons of stones from their slopes and slowly "smeared" the whole old Urals along the Russian plain, like butter on bread. Under our feet are former rocks - even as sheets of paper, in layers of clay and sand. Almost all of these layers are red and brick in color. They were painted with iron, which was many in the rivers of the Permian period.

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Vast Siberia, Russia
The water in these rivers probably had a sour taste. Every summer, during the rainy season, rivers spread widely across the plain. Floods occurred annually, as scheduled. Their cause was ancient plants, whose weak roots did not hold soil well and did not constrain the onslaught of water. Therefore, the rivers were shallow and did not have clear banks. In the rainy season, they instantly became huge, like the sea, and in the drought they almost completely disappeared. In the next season, new rivers appeared, and in completely different places. Every year the geographical map of the Urals would have to be redrawn. Along the banks of strange rivers strange animals roamed. They often died during floods. Through the course of their body they blew into shallow old women and puddles, where they stuck at the bottom, gradually covered with layers of sand, and their bones turned into stone.

Martian Altai, Kyzyl-Chin gorge behind the village of Chagan-Uzun

If you do not have the opportunity to go to Siberia several times, then you should definitely choose the Altai Republic for your trip - this is where the untouched corners of nature, hidden waterfalls, mountain rivers, snow-capped mountains and right after 100 km of blooming mountains are located. Lovers of nature, recreation and interesting adventures just need to go hiking in Altai to the foot of the famous Belukha Mountain. This is one of the largest peaks on the territory of the Russian Federation, it has been granted the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Make a wish in a place of power - a mystical gorge called Jarl.

Holidays in Altai can be very unpredictable, because we are talking about wild nature. You can go to Altai at any time of the year, but you need to take into account that the weather may be unpredictable due to the sharply continental climate. Warm summer is suitable for walking and swimming, and in winter ski resorts open. Of course, most people visit Altai for the sake of hiking in the years and enjoying nature. And for those tourists who value comfort, there are cities with cozy hotels.

Altai is a place of power, it is a huge country located in the very center of Eurasia at the junction of the borders of four states - Russia, Altai Krai and the Republic of Altai), Mongolia (Bayan-Ulgiysky and Khovdinsky Aimaks), China (Xinjiang-Uygursky Autonomous Region) and Kazakhstan ( East Kazakhstan region).

The Altai Territory offers active rest in the lap of nature and treatment with mud and mineral springs. The main attractions: hundreds of lakes, Denisov Cave, rocks, rivers, reserves, reserves - in Altai, many beautiful places of natural origin, although some researchers claim extraterrestrial intervention. The Denisov Cave is a significant archaeological site and keeps traces of Neanderthals and the unique The Denisovans, archaic humans aka Denisova hominins, explaining what Altai and its inhabitants were for hundreds of thousands of years ago.

Short periods have been recorded in the history of the Earth (with a duration of less than 1 million years), during which about 1 million km3 of mostly basaltic lava flowed. These outflows completely cover areas from 100 thousand km3 to several million km3. In time, these periods coincide with the mass extinctions of species on Earth. For example, Norilsk (Siberian) traps were formed on a significant part of Siberia 250 - 251 million years ago. Now they occupy an area of about 2 million square kilometers, and initially could occupy about 7 million square kilometers. At the same time, the global Permian-Triassic extinction was confined, in which about 90% of the species living at that time completely disappeared.

What are the true causes of mass extinctions of biological species tens and hundreds of millions of years ago? Scientists break spears, defending various hypotheses. Based on recent studies, it can be assumed that volcanoes and meteorite impacts could not on their own destroy dinosaurs and pterosaurs, but could create conditions in which mammals were easiest to crowd out competitors and for a relatively short geological time period negate the number of former land owners.

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