Zagorsk monastery, Russia - vacation travel photos. Sergiev Posad
Sergiev Posad (Zagorsk) and its history. Trinity-Sergius Lavra.
Zagorsk in the Moscow region is the city of the Golden Ring of Russia, better known as Sergiev Posad
The main attraction of the city is the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. The history of Zagorsk begins in 1337, when Sergius (then Bartholomew) of Radonezh, together with his brother Stephen settled on a hill, where the largest Russian monastery would later operate. In 1340 a wooden church was built here. Soon Stefan went to Moscow, and the monks began to populate the hill. 1335 is considered the year of adoption of the monastery charter. Igumen was Mitrofan, who tonsured Sergius as a monk and bequeathed him his dignity.
During the life of Sergius, and he died in 1392, this monastery became the main one in Russia. In 1380, Dmitry Donskoy came to Sergius for a blessing, and he was to fight the Tatars. In 1408, as a result of the Tatar raid, the monastery was burned down. This did not affect the high status of the monastery, and it was soon restored.
In the period from XV to XVII century, this place was a major cultural and political center of Russia. Here they wrote chronicles and taught iconography. The greatest painters of that time, Daniel Cherny and Andrei Rublev, came to the monastery to paint the new Trinity Cathedral. Moscow princes with enviable constancy visited the Lavra and sponsored it. In 1530, Ivan the Terrible was baptized in the Lavra. By that time, the monastery owned quite a lot of land throughout the state.
Assumption Cathedral in the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. Belfry of the Holy Trinity St. Sergius Lavra
The main attraction of the city of Zagorsk in the Moscow region is the Lavra, which pilgrims come from all over the world. Churches in the city are located everywhere, and even outside the monastery. So, Chernihiv skete is located 3 kilometers from the monastery. In addition, there are many interesting museums in Zagorsk that are not dedicated to church topics.
The largest and most prominent building of the Lavra is the Assumption Cathedral, which is located in the central part of the monastery. It was built in the period from 1559 to 1585, on the model of the Moscow Assumption Cathedral, which at that time was about a hundred years old. The result was a large five-domed temple, the central dome of which is covered with gold, and the rest are painted blue with stars. Inside the cathedral there is an iconostasis, some of the icons of which were made in the 16th century, and a large proportion of the rest - at the end of the 17th. It is known that Simon Ushakov took part in creating the iconostasis. The entire cathedral, including domes, is decorated with frescoes. They were made in 1684 by masters from Yaroslavl, under the direction of D. Plekhanov.
Trinity Cathedral is the main temple of the Lavra and its oldest building. It was built in the years 1422-1423 on the site of a wooden church. It is a four-column single-domed temple made of white stone. Trinity Cathedral is one of the few buildings of the early architecture of the Moscow principality, preserved to this day, and one of the best examples of style. The height of the cathedral is only 30 meters, but due to its good proportions it does not seem low. Initially, the church was painted by Daniel Cherny and Andrey Rublev. In the seventeenth century, new ones were written based on their frescoes. The iconostasis of the cathedral was created at the beginning of the 15th century and was replenished until the end of the 17th century. In the cathedral of St. Sergius of Radonezh - the founder of the monastery.
The weight of the Tsar Bell cast in 2003 for the Lavra bell tower was 72 tons. The bell tower of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, built from 1741 to 1768, closes the northern side of the cathedral square. The height of the bell tower is 88 m, which is 11 m more than the belfry of the Novodevichy Convent and 6 m more than the bell tower of Ivan the Great in the Moscow Kremlin. The final architectural appearance, thanks to which the Lavra bell tower received the deserved fame of the most beautiful in Russia, was given to it by the remarkable Russian architect D. V. Ukhtomsky. The five-tier bell tower, which is distinguished by exceptional harmony and grace, elegance of decoration, is one of the best monuments of Russian architecture of the XVIII century. The bell tower worthily completed the formation of a unique architectural Lavra ensemble, becoming its high-altitude dominant and thereby uniting all other architectural structures of the cathedral square.
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